Facilitating Urban Planning and Management at Local level Through the Development of SDI

Role of urban planning and management at local level is becoming more and more crucial due to the dramatic increase in urban population and allied urban problems. However, absence of appropriate information and its limited sharing is one of the important factor affecting planners and decision makers’ ability to deal with urban problems. Effective quality of life cannot be achieved without appropriate spatial information. Realising importance of spatial information, developed countries have started to develop Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) for efficient information sharing. Developing countries like Pakistan & Iran should learn from their experience and develop SDI according to their own institutional, political and culture background. It is expected that improved information sharing and application through Local SDI can help experts in achieving better urban life through improved urban planning & management. This paper aims to explore the role of SDI in better urban planning and management through effective & efficient information integration and sharing.

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Housing & Urban Development

This paper attempts to propose a generic integrated strategy for the primate cities and a separate strategy for the secondary and other urban settlements. The second section of this paper examines the current situation with a view to present it in relation to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The Third section is an analysis of the current situation and highlights the issues and concerns which need to be addressed while developing a strategy for the sector. The fourth section presents strategies and action plans for development of the sector, which includes the three major components related to, (i) housing and shelter, (ii) land development (particularly for the poor) and real estate, and (iii) urban municipal services. In the final section the paper sets out the expenditure profile with the Medium Term Budgetary Framework (MTBF) of the GoPb.

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The Dynamics of Land Use in the Lahore inner City: A Case of Mochi Gate

The Lahore Inner City core comprises 11th century Walled City and areas immediately around it such as the expansion along Circular Road. Not only is this Lahore’s historic but also its commercial centre, with Punjab’s largest market of wholesale and a web of related activities and land-uses. Over the past three decades, the Walled city has seen a transformation of its urban and social fabric and a widespread dilapidation of its building stock. Today the greater Walled city- Circular road area is typified by the manifest symptoms of ‘decay’ such as dilapidating infrastructure, deteriorating building stock, traffic congestion, noise and air pollution, visual clutter, and management-related issues. Paradoxically however, while there are ‘visible’ gaps, there is an ‘invisible order’ which enables the Walled City-Circular Road complex to play a central role in Lahore’s daily functioning and contribute to it’s economy in terms of trade and employment. Conventional upgrading approaches are not rooted in an understanding and appreciation of this existing ‘system’ and its broader issues. Given the pool of multiple actors and stakeholders and the complexity of land-uses and activities, the specific orientation of any upgrading effort needs to be rationally determined. Assuming there is a need for improvements, the objective of research has been to develop a conceptual framework for a ‘successful’ upgrading of the area. Taking the Mochi Gate area as sample, the thesis explores the Walled City-Circular Road complex as an urban phenomenon with its overriding roles, needs, and functions, in order to understand this existing ‘order’. The problem definition hence leads to the main research question: What is successful upgrading in the context of the study area? In order to determine this, two sub questions explored the existing system, and the gaps within this system. The research is a qualitative exploratory case-study, based on the interviews of primary actors, rapid survey, and observation, and supported by photographic documentation. Research findings indicated that land-use is determined on the basis of need and locational advantages. Secondly, the needs of actors are being catered to through various ‘enabling’ mechanisms, such as informal networks, social support, and the institution of collusion. Thirdly, the physical propinquity of different inter-related land uses is typical of the small firm economy; if these parts are separated in space, the system would not be able to function.

Successful upgrading implies improvements in the existing conditions and uses of the area. Above all, this would require an actor-centred approach that is based on an understanding of the contribution of all actors and stakeholders to the ‘system’, and incorporates the area’s existing functions with both their inter-zonal and city-wide linkages. The research also determined that the current arrangement of land-uses is ad-hoc and results in physical and management-related gaps for the larger ‘system’, and a re-organisation of land uses is needed to create greater efficiency in the system, and minimize conflict between residential and commercial uses.

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Rural – Urban Migration: A Case Study of Lahore By Muhammad Wasif Siddiqi

This study was conducted to see the status of migrants and factors contributing to rural migration in Lahore district. In the process of economic development, economic factors play a more dominant role than the non-economic ones. Generally, the immigrants from the nearby rural areas joined the ranks of those who were already settled there. Primary and secondary data collection techniques were used in the study. The area of interest was Lahore city in addition to three small towns, w.g. Kahna, chung and Raiwind. The results show the positive correlation between education and migration. The stusy also focuses on the characteristics of migrants workers and causes of their migrations.

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Urbanization and Urban Planning issues

This presentation describes urbanization and urban planning problems faced due to it. It also describes rank of Pakistan among different countries and then expansion of multiple cities with support of maps. Pictorial review helps to understand the population expansion.

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Temporal Population Growth of Lahore

The word population refers to number of persons living within a geographical area at a given time. The demographic study is major determinant of any city’s socio economic profile. To realize the forthcoming policy levers to manipulate the future size, structure and distribution of population, it is essential to understand factors responsible for population dynamics. Population studies of Lahore are exactly important from planning point of view, until and unless we do not know about a dual population size in detail we cannot do successful planning. Identification and analysis of population growth in Lahore, in advance will help in effectual infrastructure planning in urban issues of Lahore metropolis. In order to understand the manners of such population growth, which is crucial for sound environmental planning and resource management, current study of Lahore is carried out.

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Task Force Report on Urban Development

The Task Force on Urban Development was constituted in June 2010 by the Planning Commission, Planning and Development Division, Government of Pakistan, to review existing urban conditions in the country and establish broad principles for formulating a national urban policy. Headed by Mr. Arif Hasan, the Task Force, comprising eminent professionals from various urban development disciplines, has explored major challenges confronting the cities and framed broad parameters to address the issues.Exploring the state of urbanization in the country, the report states its impacts both in terms of its costs and benefits. The cities are now contributing overwhelmingly to the country’s GDP (over 78 per cent). But accelerating urbanization has also aggravated urban deficit which is eroding liveability, productivity and efficiency of urban areas and degrading urban ecology. Additionally, urban poverty is on the rise and the increasing gap between rich and poor is leading to growing social instability and discontent among a large segment of society, particularly the youth. The report suggests reframing urban strategies aiming at inclusive and holistic urban development.

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Urban Development in Pakistan

This study describe the population growth in Pakistan focusing on urban population, issues created due to rapid urbanization and then analyse the facilities situation currently e.g. housing and infrastructure. The study also reviews the devolution program and narrates the best practices case studies based on the Component Sharing Approach, e.g. Lodhran Pilot Project (LPP), community based water supply and sanitation services in Faislabad, and solid waste management in Lahore and finally key lessons in the end is the crux of the situation analysis.

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Urban Development Planning of Mega Cities A Must Integrated master Plan of Lahore

It is most unfortunate that in Pakistan PLANNING of Urban & Rural areas has never been considered an important & critical requirement of quality of life at all levels of the population. Results are quite obvious. Mega cities like Karachi & Lahore in shamble. Cities like Peshawar, Quetta, Faisalabad, Multan, Hyderabad, etc are no different. Lack of proper infrastructure, necessary amenities & community facilities clearly reflect that no attention has been given to the growth & expansion of our Urban Centers. The growth is rudderless. Master Plans have not been prepared & the entire URBAN DEVELOPMENT lacks direction & the result is in front of us. If there were plans prepared for some cities at some period in time they were never implemented. Which is again reflective of our commitment to development .of quality environment & descent & health living commitment.

Islamabad is the only exception where a master plan was prepared & made a legal document & all development was as per the master plan & the results are in front of us, it should be an eye opener to all of us before it is too late. Islamabad Master Plan is the only “legal document” so violation is a crime.

 

Fortunately work on Lahore Master Plan was initiated in 1997 & completed after due diligence, public & professional interaction. Lahore Master Plan has been adopted as a legal document. I hope that it would be implemented in letter & spirit keeping Islamabad as a model. This paper is about Lahore Master Plan keeping in view the realities & what is the future direction or Urban Development & growth.

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Urbanization of Arable Land in Lahore City in Pakistan: A Case Study

This study is intended to explore the extent of converting arable land for urban use and the pace of construction activities on the residential housing schemes. In most of the schemes, more than half of the plots are inbuilt because by-laws are very flexible and owners of vacant plots have no fear of cancellation and they consider this investment a better safeguard against inflation. Moreover, speculators invested their money in the plots because no cost / taxes are involved in the keeping of vacant plots. By implementing strict by-laws and imposing capital gains tax on vacant land and converting the collected taxes from the schemes to create revolving funds for house building for really needy, low-middle income groups, the extent of conversion arable land into housing schemes can be reduced.

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Policy Learning Model for Urban services in Un-served Areas in Poor Peri Urban Locality, Lahore: Dec

This document gives the detail abstract of the best policy models for urban areas practiced by Dr. Akhtar Hameed Khan, founder of Orangi Pilot Project (OPP) which is further replicated and promoted by local NGOs and CBOs.

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